Us Federal Budget Process

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Reflection: The Balance of Power in the U.S. Federal Budget Process
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The conflicting fiscal priorities of the President and Congress have heightened the tension
between the executive and legislative branches during the federal budget process in the United
States (House Budget Committee Democrats, 1967). Amidst this tension, McMurtry (2010)
posits that the concept of impoundment emerges as a critical component of the financial debate
that complicates the balance of power between the executive and the legislature. As such, this
reflection explores the President and Congress’s objectives and the inevitable conflicts that arise
in the budget process and discusses the concept of impoundment and its relation to these
tensions, including its pivotal role in the first impeachment trial of President Trump.
The President’s goal throughout the federal budget process is to align fiscal allocations in
accordance with the administration’s policy agenda, concentrating on issues such as national
defense, healthcare, and economic growth (House Budget Committee Democrats, 1967). In
contrast, Saturno et al. (2016) posit that the Congress strives to ensure that the budget represents
a wide range of national interests, including regional and ideological concerns such as education
and social welfare programs. These goals reflect the diversity of American voices and groups
that impact Congress’ budget aims.
According to the House Budget Committee Democrats (196 …
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