Race And Ethicity Of American Freedom

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Freedom and Opportunity of Americans
Name
Institution
Instructor
Course
Date
Experiences of African Americans and European Immigrants in the United States
Regarding Freedom and Opportunity
Introduction
Race and ethnicity have profoundly shaped the freedom and opportunities available to
different groups throughout American history. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, both
African Americans and European immigrants faced significant challenges to achieving full
freedom and equal opportunity, though in different ways. While African Americans were
systematically denied basic rights through Jim Crow laws, European immigrants faced nativist
discrimination and efforts to limit immigration.
African Americans
After the Civil War and Reconstruction, African Americans in the South were subjected to
a system of legalized segregation and discrimination known as Jim Crow. Despite the abolition of
slavery, Southern states enacted Black Codes that restricted African Americans’ rights and liberties
(Forte, 1997). The Supreme Court’s 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson decision upheld the constitutionality
of “separate but equal” public facilities, entrenching racial segregation.
African Americans faced extreme prejudice, violence, and intimidation from racist groups
like the Ku Klux Klan. Lynchings and race riots like the Atlanta Race Riot of 1906 highlighted the
lack
of
legal
protection
and
profound
vulnerabilities
facing
African
Americans.
Disenfranchisement laws also stripped Afr …
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