Proposal 2

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Drug Use 1
German Cruceta
Professor: Booth
Social Control and Drug Use Among Young Adults
Literature Review
Social control theory posits that the absence of strong social bonds encouraging
conformity is critical in explaining deviant behaviors, including drug use, among young
adults. In this context, social control refers to individuals’ close bond with society, which can
be weak or strong. Strong bonds with conventional beliefs, family, peers, and community
activities often deter individuals from engaging in deviant or criminal behaviors. The
literature review investigates the intricate relationship between social controls and drug use
among young adults by examining the roles of parental attachment, peer influence, and
community factors.
Community, Family, and Peer Influences
Community social disorganization, characterized by poverty, lack of social cohesion,
and high crime rates, creates an environment where substance use is prevalent. Growing up in
disorganized communities, young adults face higher stress levels, reduced access to
resources, and fewer opportunities for prosocial activities. These conditions increase the
likelihood of turning to substances like alcohol, marijuana, or illicit drugs as a coping
mechanism or escape (Henneberger et al., 2020). Additionally, cultural norms, public
policies, and access to substances influence the relationship between childhood adversity and
substance use. Nawi et al. (2021) argue that cultural norms stigmatizing substa …
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