Procedural Justice 1

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Procedural Justice: A Critical Analysis of the WITS University Rules for Student
Discipline Policy
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Procedural Justice: A Critical Analysis of the WITS University Rules for Student
Discipline Policy
Introduction
Fairness has been a critical concern in most social institutions. Various models, such as
the procedural justice model, have been developed to help enhance fairness, especially in various
justice procedures. Procedural justice theory is an important guideline for developing sound and
effective policies and laws. The theory holds that people are more likely to respect those in
authority and their decisions, including the policies they develop, if they feel they are treated
fairly and in a just way (Lee et al., 2019). The procedural justice approach emphasizes the
process or procedures used to achieve justice rather than the outcomes of these procedures
(Nowakowski & Conlon, 2005). According to the procedural justice model, if people perceive
the process of delivering justice as unfair, they are less likely to support the final decisions.
Dissatisfaction will occur even if a satisfactory decision is made (Lee et al., 2019). Therefore, the
manner in which decisions are made influences the public’s perception, thus significantly
affecting their acceptance of the decision. The applications of the procedural justice model
transcend the boundaries of the criminal justice system to include fu …
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