Leadership Theories And Structures

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LEADERSHIP THEORIES AND STRUCTURES
An Exploration of Leadership Theories and Structures using Examples from the
Automotive Industry
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LEADERSHIP THEORIES AND STRUCTURES
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Leadership theories and structures
Effective leadership is crucial for the success of any organization. Robbins and Judge
(2022) define leadership as the ability to influence a specific group of people toward attaining a
specified goal or vision. Throughout history, various leadership theories and structures have
emerged to address the dynamic needs of different industries. This paper explores leadership
theories and structures, specifically contrasting the assembly line approach of Henry Ford with
the team approach of Toyota, to discuss insights into the evolution of leadership structures and
theories in the automotive industry.
Mechanistic and Organic Leadership Structures
Mechanistic and organic structures are two contrasting organizational leadership
approaches. The mechanistic structure is a hierarchical system with well-defined roles and
responsibilities in which decision-making authority is centralized, and there is a clear chain of
command (Lumen, 2019). On the other hand, the organic structure is a flexible, adaptable, and
collaborative organizational approach that is less hierarchical and whose decision-making
process is horizontally distributed throughout the organization (Lumen, 2019). The Ford Motor
Company is an example of an assembly line approach within the mechani …
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