Lab 4.edited.edited

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LAB 4. Capacitors
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LAB 4. Capacitors
Introduction
Any pair of conductors divided by an insulator is a capacitor. If a potential difference V
between the conductor charges is established, +q and -q are visible on the conductors. The
formula for the relationship between q and V is q=VC, where the capacitance of the Capacitor,
expressed in farads F (1F=1C/V), is the constant C. In an RC (resistor-capacitor) circuit, this
experiment explores how capacitors behave while being discharged. Our objective is to
comprehend the basic idea of electrical engineering capacitors discharge stored energy when
connected to a resistor.
In the lab, we first constructed a parallel plate capacitor before looking into capacitor
combinations and the charging and discharging properties of capacitors. Two flat conducting
plates are stacked on top of one another to form a parallel plate capacitor, but they are separated
from one another by an insulating layer. The formula for a parallel plate capacitor’s capacitance
is
C= kx4A
d
Where A is the area of either plate, d is the distance between the plates, k4 is the
permittivity of free space, and k is the insulator’s dielectric constant.
We will construct an RC circuit using a capacitor, resistor, and battery to study the
charging and discharging characteristics of a capacitor. We will connect a charged capacitor to
the resistor and monitor the charge flowing from one of t …
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