Justification And Santification

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Justification and Sanctification
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Discussion Question 1:
Justification and Sanctification in Spiritual Growth
In Christian theology, justification and sanctification are crucial to spiritual progress.
These two processes are separate yet interconnected, shaping the believer’s path to holiness and
God. Several texts emphasize the complex link between justification and sanctification,
including those in the Topic 4 Overview.
Romans 5:1 describe justification as God’s first act of mercy when a sinner believes in
Jesus Christ. Christ’s imputed righteousness justifies us, not our merits. Ephesians 2:8-9
emphasizes that God gives salvation, not human efforts (James, 2019, P.309). According to 2
Corinthians 3:18, sanctification is a continuous change into Christ’s likeness. It entails the
believer working with the Holy Spirit to become holy and virtuous. Romans 8:29 underline that
God wants Christians to resemble His Son.
Romans 6:1-4 shows how our association with Christ’s death (justification) leads to a new
life. Justified people are pardoned and indwelt by the Holy Spirit (Romans 8:9). This indwelling
helps believers s …
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